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Publications Department of Microbiology 2009-2017

Ehrenreich A, Liebl W (2017) The Genomes of Acetic Acid Bacteria. In: Biology of Microorganisms on Grapes in Must and in Wine 2nd ed. König, H et al. eds. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

Mientus M, Kostner D, Peters B, Liebl W, Ehrenreich A (2017). Characterization of membrane-bound dehydrogenases of Gluconobacter oxydans 621H using a new system for their functional expression. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 101(8):3189-3200

Berezina OV, Herlet J, Rykov SV, Kornberger P, Zavyalov A, Kozlov D, Sakhibgaraeva LF, Krestyanova IN, Schwarz WH, Zverlov VV, Liebl W, Yarotsky SV (2017) Thermostable multifunctional GH74 xyloglucanase from Myceliophthora thermophila: High-level expression in Pichia pastoris and characterization of the recombinant protein. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol AMAB-D-17-00067R2 [Epub ahead of print]. DOI: 10.1007/s00253-017-8297-2

Mechelke M, Koeck DE, Broeker JK, Roessler B, Krabichler F, Schwarz WH, Zverlov VV, Liebl W (2017) Characterization of the arabinoxylan-degrading machinery of the thermophilic bacterium Herbinix hemicellulosilytica - six new xylanases, three arabinofuranosidases and one xylosidase. J Biotechnol JBIOTEC-D-16-01629R1, Apr 25. pii: S0168-1656(17)30186-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2017.04.023. [Epub ahead of print]

Canete-Rodríguez AM, Santos-Duenas IM, Jiménez-Hornero JE, Ehrenreich A, Liebl W, García-García I (2016) Gluconic acid: Properties, production methods and applications - An excellent opportunity for agro-industrial by-products and waste bio-valorization Process Biochemistry 51:1891–1903 

Koeck DE, Wibberg D, Maus I, Winkler A, Albersmeier A, Zverlov VV, Liebl W, Pühler A, Schwarz WH, Schlüter A (2016) Corrigendum to "Complete genome sequence of the cellulolytic thermophile Ruminoclostridium cellulosi wild-type strain DG5 isolated from a thermophilic biogas plant" [J. Biotechnol. 188 (2014) 136-137]. J Biotechnol 237:35. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2016.08.020

Krestyanova IN, Sakhibgaraeva LF, Berezina OV, Rykov SV, Zavyalov AV, Zverlov VV, Yarotsky SV (2016) Characteristics of Fungal Strains Producing the Thermostable Xyloglucanases from the Russian National Collection of Industrial Microorganisms. Molekulyarnaya Genetika, Mikrobiologiya i Virusologiya (Molecular Genetics, Microbiology and Virology) 34(3): 4–11 (Russian). DOI: 10.18821/0208-0613-2016-34-3-109-114

Koeck DE, Maus I, Wibberg D, Winkler A, Zverlov VV, Liebl W, Pühler A, Schwarz WH, Schlüter A (2016) Complete genome sequence of Herbinix luporum SD1D, a new cellulose degrading bacterium isolated from a thermophilic biogas reactor. genomeA vol. 4 no. 4 e00687-16.

Koeck DE, Maus I, Wibberg D, Winkler A, Zverlov VV, Liebl W, Pühler A, Schwarz WH, Schlüter A (2016) Draft genome sequence of Propionispora sp. 2/2 37, a new mesophilic xylan degrading bacterium isolated from a mesophilic biogas reactor. genomeA 4(3): e00609-16.

Koeck DE, Mechelke M, Zverlov VV, Liebl W, Schwarz WH (2016) Herbivorax saccincola gen.nov. sp. nov., a cellulolytic, anaerobic, thermophilic bacterium isolated via in sacco enrichments from a lab scale biogas reactor. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2016 Aug 4. doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.001374. [Epub ahead of print]

Maus I, Koeck DE, Cibis KG, Hahnke S, Kim YS, Langer T, Kreubel J, Erhard M, Bremges A, Off S, Stolze Y, Jaenicke S, Goesmann A, Sczyrba A, Scherer P, König H, Schwarz WH, Zverlov VV, Liebl W, Pühler A, Schlüter A, Klocke M (2016) Unraveling the microbiome of a thermophilic biogas plant by metagenome and metatranscriptome analysis and characterization of microbial isolates. Biotechnology for Biofuels 9:171.

Lebuhn M , Derenkó J, Rademacher A, Helbig S,  Munk B, Pechtl A, Stolze Y, Prowe S, Schwarz WH, Schlüter A, Liebl W, Klocke M  (2016) DNA and RNA Extraction and Quantitative Real-Time PCR-Based Assays for Biogas Biocenoses in an Interlaboratory Comparison. Bioengineering 3:7.

Koeck DE, Maus I, Wibberg D, Winkler A, Albersmeier A, Zverlov VV, Liebl W, Pühler A, Schwarz WH, Schlüter A (2015) Draft genome sequence of Herbinix hemicellulosilytica T3/55 T, a new thermophilic cellulose degrading bacterium isolated from a thermophilic biogas reactor.. J. Biotechnol. 214:59-60.

Koeck DE, Koellmeier T, Zverlov VV, Liebl W, Schwarz WH (2015) Differences in biomass degradation between newly isolated environmental strains of Clostridium thermocellum and heterogeneity in the size of the cellulosomal scaffoldin. System. Appl. Microbiol. 38:424-432.

Koeck DE, Ludwig W, Wanner G, Zverlov VV, Liebl W, Schwarz WH (2015) Herbinix hemicellulosilytica, gen. nov., sp. nov., a thermophilic cellulose degrading bacterium isolated from a thermophilic biogas reactor. Int. J. System. Evol. Microbiol. 65(8): 2365-2371.

Zverlov VV, Koeck DE, Schwarz WH (2015) The Role of Cellulose-Hydrolyzing Bacteria in the Production of Biogas from Plant Biomass. In B. Kamm (ed.), Microorganisms in Biorefineries, Microbiology Monographs 26: 335-361. DOI 10.1007/978-3-662-45209-7.

Dominguez OV, Peters W, Reinbothe C, Schwarz WH, Zverlov VV, Beck E (2014) Characterization of a Glycan Exo-Hydrolase that Shows a Biphasic Expression in the Course of an In Vitro Culture of Photoautotrophic Oxybasis rubra Cells. J. Plant Biochem. Physiol. 2:137.

Hönicke D, Lütke-Eversloh T, Liu Z, Lehmann D, Liebl W, Ehrenreich A (2014) Chemostat cultivation and transcriptional analyses of Clostridium acetobutylicum mutants with defects in the acid and acetone biosynthetic pathways. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., in press

Koeck DE, Pechtl A, Zverlov VV, Schwarz WH (2014) Genomics of cellulolytic bacteria. Current Opin Biotechnol 29:171-183

Koeck DE, Wibberg D, Maus I, Winkler A, Albersmeier A, Zverlov VV, Pühler A, Schwarz WH, Liebl W, Schlüter A (2014) First draft genome sequence of the amylolytic Bacillus thermoamylovorans wild-type strain 1A1 isolated from a thermophilic biogas plant. J. Biotechnol., doi: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2014.09.017, in press.

Kostner D, Luchterhand B, Junker A, Volland S, Daniel R, Büchs J, Liebl W, Ehrenreich A (2014) The consequence of an additional NADH dehydrogenase paralog on the growth of Gluconobacter oxydans DSM3504. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., in press.

Liebl W, Angelov A, Juergensen J, Chow J, Loeschcke A, Drepper T, Classen T, Pietruszka J, Ehrenreich A, Streit WR, Jaeger KE (2014) Erratum to: Alternative hosts for functional (meta)genome analysis. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 98:9149.

Liebl W, Angelov A, Juergensen J, Chow J, Loeschcke A, Drepper T, Classen T, Pietruszka J, Ehrenreich A, Streit WR, Jaeger KE (2014) Alternative hosts for functional metagenome analysis. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., doi: 10.1007/s00253-014-5961-7, in press.

Leis B, Angelov A, Li H, Liebl W (2014) Genetic analysis of lipolytic activities in Thermus thermophilus HB27. J. Biotechnol., doi: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2014.07.448, in press.

Koeck DE, Wibberg D, Maus I, Winkler A, Albersmeier A, Zverlov VV, Liebl W, Pühler A, Schwarz WH, Schlüter A (2014) Complete genome sequence of the cellulolytic thermophile Ruminiclostridium cellulosi wild-type strain DG5 isolated from a thermophilic biogas plant. J. Biotechnol. 188C:136-137, doi: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2014.08.024, in press.

Lesiak J, Liebl W, Ehrenreich A (2014) Development of an in vivo methylation system for the solventogen Clostridium saccharobutylicum NCP 262 and analysis of two endonuclease mutants. J. Biotechnol. 188C:97-99.

Koeck DE, Zverlov VV, Liebl W, Schwarz WH (2014) Comparative genotyping of Clostridium thermocellum strains isolated from biogas plants: Genetic markers and characterization of cellulolytic potential. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 37:311-319.

Yarza, P., Yilmaz, P., Pruesse, E., Glöckner, F.O., Ludwig, W., Schleifer, K.H.,  Whitman, W.B., Euzéby, J., Amann, R., Rosselló-Móra, R. (2014) Uniting the classification of cultured and uncultured bacteria and archaea using 16S rRNA gene sequences. Nature Rev. Microbiol. 12:635-645.

Yilmaz, P., Wegener Parfrey, L., Yarza, P., Gerken, J., Pruesse, E., Quast, C., Schweer, T., Peplies, J.,  Ludwig, W.,  Glöckner, F.O. (2014) The SILVA and ‘‘All-species Living Tree Project (LTP)’’ taxonomic frameworks. Nucleic Acids Res. 42:D643–D648.

Spieck E, Keuter S, Wenzel T, Bock E, Ludwig W (2014) Characterization of a new marine nitrite oxidizing bacterium, Nitrospina watsonii sp. nov., a member of the newly proposed phylum Nitrospinae”. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 37:170-176.

Zhang K, Chen X, Schwarz W, Li F (2014) Synergism of glycoside hydrolase secretomes from two thermophilic bacteria co-cultivated on lignocellulose. Appl. Evironm. Microbiol. 80:2592-2601.

Müller-Herbst S, Wüstner S, Mühlig A, Eder D, Fuchs TM, Held C, Ehrenreich A, Scherer S. (2014) Identification of genes essential for anaerobic growth of Listeria monocytogenes. Microbiology. Jan 22. doi: 10.1099/mic.0.075242-0. [Epub ahead of print].

Kurka H, Ehrenreich A, Ludwig W, Monot M, Rupnik M, Barbut F, Dupuy B, Liebl W (2014) Sequence similarity of Clostridium difficile strains by analysis of conserved genes and genome content is reflected by their ribotype affiliation. PLoS ONE 9(1): e86535.

Siemerink MA, Schwarz K, Kuit W, Kengen SW, Grimmler C, Ehrenreich A (2014) Comparative Genomic Analysis of the Central Metabolism of the Solventogenic Species Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824 and Clostridium beijerinckii NCIMB 8052. In: Systems Biology of Clostridium. Dürre, P ed. World Scientific Pub Co Singapore: pp 198-225.

Panitz JC, Zverlov VV, Pham VTT, Stürzl S, Schieder D, Schwarz WH (2014) Isolation of a solventogenic Clostridium sp. strain: production of n-butanol from glycerol, analysis of the bcs operon region and its potential regulatory elements. Syst Appl Microbiol 37:1-9.

Yarza P, Sproer C, Swiderski J, Mrotzek N, Spring S, Tindall BJ, Gronow S, Pukall R,  Klenk HP, Lang E, Verbarg S, Crouch A, Lilburn T, Beck B, Unosson C, Cardew S, Moore ERB, Gomila M, Nakagawa Y, Janssens D, De Vos P, Peiren J, Suttels T, Clermont D, Bizet C, Sakamoto M, Iida T,  Kudo T, Kosako Y, Oshida Y, Ohkuma M, Arahal DR, Spieck E, Roeser AP, Figge M, Park D, Buchanan P, Cifuentes A, Munoz R, Euzeby JP, Schleifer KH, Ludwig W, Amann R, Glöckner FO, Rossello-Mora R (2013) Sequencing orphan species initiative (SOS): Filling the gaps in the 16S rRNA gene sequence database for all species with validly published names. Syst  Appl Microbiol 36:69-73.

Poehlein A, Hartwich K, Krabben P, Ehrenreich A, Liebl W, Dürre P, Gottschalk G, Daniel R (2013) Complete genome sequence of the solvent producer Clostridium saccharobutylicum NCP262 (DSM 13864). Genome Announce 00997-13.

Angelov A, Li H, Geissler A, Leis B, Liebl W (2013) Toxicity of indoxyl derivative accumulation in bacteria and its use as a new counterselection principle. Syst Appl Microbiol. 36(8):585-92. 

Leis B, Angelov A, Liebl W (2013) Screening and expression of genes from metagenomes. Adv Appl Microbiol. 83:1-68. 

Ehrmann MA, Angelov A, Picozzi C, Foschino R, Vogel RF (2013). The genome of the Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis temperate phage EV3. BMC Res Notes. 6:514. 

Gulitz A, Stadie J, Ehrmann MA, Ludwig W, Vogel RF (2013) Comparative phylobiomic analysis of the bacterial community of water kefir by 16S rRNA gene Amplicon sequencing and ARDRA analysis. J. Appl. Microbiol. 114:1082-1091.

Stark TD, Angelov A, Hofmann M, Liebl W, Hofmann T. (2013) Comparative direct infusion ion mobility mass spectrometry profiling of Thermus thermophilus wild-type and mutant delta cruC carotenoid extracts. Anal Bioanal Chem. 405(30):9843-8. 

Mientus M, Brady S, Angelov A, Zimmermann P, Wenheuer B, Schuldes J, Daniel R, Liebl W (2013) Thermostable xylanase and ?-glucanase derived from the metagenome of the Avachinsky crater in Kamchatka (Russia). Curr. Biotechnol. 2:284-293.

Kostner D, Peters B, Mientus M, Liebl W, Ehrenreich A (2013) Importance of codB for new codA-based markerless gene deletion in Gluconobacter strains. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 97:8341-8349.

Rachinger M, Pfaffenhäuser M, Bongaerts J, Evers S, Maurer K-H, Daniel R, Liebl W, Liesegang H, Ehrenreich A (2013) Size unlimited markerless deletions by a transconjugative plasmid system in Bacillus licheniformis. J. Biotechnol. 167:365-369.

Peters B, Mientus M, Kostner D, Liebl W, Ehrenreich A (2013) Characterization of membrane-bound dehydrogenases from Gluconobacter oxydans 621H via whole-cell activity assays using multi-deletion strains. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 97:6397-6412.

Peters B, Junker A, Brauer K, Mühlthaler B, Kostner D, Mientus M, Liebl W, Ehrenreich A (2013) Deletion of pyruvate decarboxylase by a new method for efficient markerless gene deletions in Gluconobacter oxydans. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 97:2521-2530.

Dib JR, Liebl W, Wagenknecht M, Farías ME, Meinhardt F (2013) Extrachromosomal elements in Micrococcus. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 97:63-75.

Poehlein A, Zverlov V, Daniel R, Schwarz W, Liebl W (2013) Complete genome sequence of Clostridium stercorarium subsp. stercorarium DSM 8532, a thermophilic degrader of plant cell wall fibres. Genome Announce e00073-13.

Kabisch J, Pratzka I, Meyer H, Albrecht D, Lalk M, Ehrenreich A, Schweder T. (2013) Metabolic engineering of Bacillus subtilis for growth on overflow metabolites. Microb Cell Fact 12:72.

Rachfall N, Schmitt K, Bandau S, Smolinski N, Ehrenreich A, Valerius O, Braus GH. (2013) RACK1/Asc1p, a ribosomal node in cellular signaling. Mol Cell Proteomics 12(1):87-105.

Lee NM, Porter ML, Liebl W, Engel AS (2013) Cave Biofilm Metagenomics. Encyclopedia of Metagenomics. Springer Verlag. 

Koeck DE, Wibberg D, Koellmeier T, Blom J, Jaenicke S, Winkler A, Albersmeier A, Zverlov VV, Pühler A, Schwarz WH, Schlüter A (2013) Draft genome sequence of the cellulolytic Clostridium thermocellum wild-type strain BC1 playing a role in cellulosic biomass degradation. J Biotechnol 168:62-63.

Schwarz WH (2013) Mikrobiologie bei der Hydrolyse in Biogasanlagen. KTBL-Schrift 501: Biogas in der Landwirtschaft – Stand und Perspektiven. S. 134-146. KTBL, Darmstadt. ISBN 978-2-941583-82-5.

Köck D, Zverlov VV, Schwarz WH (2013). Das bakterielle Konsortium in Biogasanlagen mit Fokus auf hydrolytische Isolate. KTBL-Schrift 501: Biogas in der Landwirtschaft – Stand und Perspektiven. S. 233. KTBL, Darmstadt. ISBN 978-2-941583-82-5.

Velikodvorskaya GA, Chekanovshaya LA, Lunina NA, Sergienko OV, Lunin VV, Dvortsov IA, Zverlov VV (2013) Family 28 carbohydrate-binding module of the thermostable endo-1,4-ß-glucanase CelD from Caldicellulosiruptor bescii maximizes enzyme activity and irreversibly binds to amorphous cellulose. Mol Biol (Mosk) 47(4):581-586.

Ilmberger N, Meske D, Juergensen J, Schulte M, Barthen P, Rabausch U, Angelov A, Mientus M, Liebl W, Schmitz RA, Streit WR (2012). Metagenomic cellulases highly tolerant towards the presence of ionic liquids - linking thermostability and halotolerance. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 95(1):135-46. 

Hoppert M, Valdez M, Enseleit M, Theilmann W, Valerius O, Föst C, Liebl W (2012) Structure-function analysis of the Dictyoglomus cell envelope. Sys. Appl. Microbiol. 35:279-90.

Hiessl S, Schuldes J, Thürmer A, Halbsguth T, Bröker D, Angelov A, Liebl W, Daniel R, Steinbüchel A (2012). Involvement of two latex-clearing proteins during rubber degradation and insights into the subsequent degradation pathway revealed by the genome sequence of Gordonia polyisoprenivorans strain VH2. Appl Environ Microbiol. 78(8):2874-87. 

Vasileva D, Janssen H, Hönicke D, Ehrenreich A, Bahl H (2012) Effect of iron limitation and fur gene inactivation on the transcriptional profile of the strict anaerobe Clostridium acetobutylicum. Microbiology 158(Pt 7):1918-1929.

Janssen H, Grimmler C, Ehrenreich A, Bahl H, Fischer RJ (2012) A transcriptional study of acidogenic chemostat cells of Clostridium acetobutylicum-Solvent stress caused by a transient n-butanol pulse. J Biotechnol 161(3):354-365.

Schwarz KM, Kuit W, Grimmler C, Ehrenreich A, Kengen SW (2012) A transcriptional study of acidogenic chemostat cells of Clostridium acetobutylicum - Cellular behavior in adaptation to n-butanol. J Biotechnol 161(3):366-377.

Hönicke D, Janssen H, Grimmler C, Ehrenreich A, Lütke-Eversloh T (2012) Global transcriptional changes of Clostridium acetobutylicum cultures with increased butanol:acetone ratios. N Biotechnol 29(4):485-493.

Lehmann D, Hönicke D, Ehrenreich A, Schmidt M, Weuster-Botz D, Bahl H, Lütke-Eversloh T (2012) Modifying the product pattern of Clostridium acetobutylicum: physiological effects of disrupting the acetate and acetone formation pathways. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 94(3):743-754.

Ehrenreich A. (2012) Biotechnologische Herstellung von Butanol: Vom Genom zur Physiologie?Vergleichende Genomik von Clostridium acetobutylicum und Clostridium beijerinckii. Genomexpress 1.12 4-6.

Shedova EN, Berezina OV, Lunina NA, Zverlov VV, Schwarz WH, Velikodvorskaya GA (2012) Cloning and characterisation of a large metagenomic DNA fragment containing glycosyl-hydrolase genes. Mol Gen Microbiol Virol 24(1):12-16.

Krauss J, Zverlov VV, Schwarz WH (2012) In vitro reconstitution of the complete Clostridium thermocellum cellulosome and synergistic activity on crystalline cellulose. Appl Environ Microbiol 78:4301-4307.

Ji S, Wang S, Tan Y, Chen X, Schwarz W, Li F (2012) An untapped bacterial cellulolytic community enriched from coastal marine sediment under anaerobic and thermophilic conditions. FEMS Microbiol Lett 335:39-46. 

Dvortsov IA, Lunina NA, Zverlov VV, Velikodvorskaya GA (2012) The properties of four C-therminal carbohydrate-binding modules (CBM4) of laminarinase Lic16A of Clostridium thermocellum. Mol Biol (Mosk)  46:819-824.

Köllmeier T, Zverlov VV, Schwarz WH (2012) Mikrobiologie der Hydrolyse von Pflanzenfasern in Biogasanlagen. Bornimer Agrartechnische Berichte. BiogasPOTENZIALE. Erkennen, Erforschen, Erwirtschaften. Ed. S. Köhler. Heft 79: 99-113. ISSN 0947-7314

Kellermann C, Drazenka S, Hartmann A, Espersschütz J, Lee NM, Hügler M, Griebler C (2012) Microbial CO2 fixation potential in a tar-oil contaminated porous aquifer. FEMS Microb Ecol 81:172-187.   

Lee, N. M. and H. Reichenbach. The Genus Herpetosiphon within Chloroflexi. In: The Prokaryotes. Vol. 7: Proteobacteria: Delta and Epsilon Subclasses. Deeply Rooting Bacteria. Eds. M. Dworkin, S. Falkow, E. Rosenberg, K.H. Schleifer, Stackebrandt, E. Springer Verlag, pp 373-393.

Aubrecht R, Barrio-Amoros C, Breure A, Brewer-Carías C, Derka T, Gregor M, Kodada J, Kováik L, Lánczos T, Lee NM, Lišák P, Schlögl J, Šmída B, Vlek L (2013) Venezuelan tepuis – their caves and biota. 2012. Acta Geologica Slovaca – Monograph, ComeniusUniversity, Bratislava, pp. 168.

Lee, N. M., Meisinger, D. B., Aubrecht, R., Kovacik, L., Saiz-Jimenez, C., Baskar, S., Baskar, R., Liebl, W., M. Porter and A. Summers-Engel. 2012. Life in caves and karst environments. In: Life at Extremes: Environments, Organisms and Strategies for Survival. Ed. E. M. Bell. CABI International, UK. Chapter 16.

Meola M, Lee NM, Heim C, Queric NV, Braissant O, Ionescu D, deBeer D, Löffler FE, Thiel V, Reitner J, Liebl W (2012) Astrobiologiocal lessons from the ancient iron-oxidizing genus Gallionella. Paleontological J 46(9):1071-1072.

Ludwig W, Glöckner FO, Yilmaz P (2012) The use of rRNA gene sequence data in the classification and identification of prokaryotes. In: Taxonomy of Prokaryotes (eds F. Rainey, A. Oren), 349-384, Elsevier, Amsterdam

Ludwig W, Euzeby J, Schumann P, Busse HJ, Trujillo ME, Kämpfer PJ, Whitman WB (2012) Road map of the phylum Actinobacteria. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd Ed. Vol 5, Part A (eds M. Goodfellow, P. Kämpfer, H.J. Busse, M.E. Trujillo, K.I. Suzuki, W.B. Whitman), 1-28, Springer, New York

Ludwig W, Euzeby J, Whitman WB (2012) Taxonomic outline of the phylum Actinobacteria. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd Ed. Vol 5, Part A (eds M. Goodfellow, P. Kämpfer, H.J. Busse, M.E. Trujillo, K.I. Suzuki, W.B. Whitman), 29-31, Springer, New York

Ludwig W, Euzeby J, Whitman WB (2012) Class IV. Nitrilituptoria class. nov. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd Ed. Vol 5, Part B (eds M. Goodfellow, P. Kämpfer, H.J. Busse, M.E. Trujillo, K.I. Suzuki, W.B. Whitman), 2000, Springer, New York

Thürmer A, Voigt B, Angelov A, Albrecht D, Hecker M, Liebl W (2011) Proteomic analysis of the extremely thermoacidophilic archaeon Picrophilus torridus at pH and temperature values close to its growth limit. Proteomics 11(23):4559-68. 

Vogel RF, Pavlovic M, Ehrmann MA, Wiezer A, Liesegang H, Offschanka S, Voget S, Angelov A, Böcker G, Liebl W (2011) Genomic analysis reveals Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis as stable element in traditional sourdoughs. Microb Cell Fact. 10 Suppl 1:S6. 

Angelov A, Loderer C, Pompei S, Liebl W (2011) Novel family of carbohydrate-binding modules revealed by the genome sequence of Spirochaeta thermophila DSM 6192. Appl Environ Microbiol. 77(15):5483-9. 

Munoz R, Yarza P, Ludwig W, Euzeby J, Amann R, Schleifer KH, Glöckner FO, Rossello-Mora R (2011) Release LTPs104 of the All-Species Living Tree. Syst.  Appl. Microbiol. 34:169-170.

Angelov A, Voss J, Liebl W (2011) Characterization of plasmid pPO1 from the hyperacidophile Picrophilus oshimae. Archaea 2011:723604. 

Puri M, Kaur A, Schwarz WH, Singh S, Kennedy JF (2011) Molecular characterization and enzymatic hydrolysis of naringin extracted from kinnow peel waste. Int J Biol Macromol 48(1):58-62

Grimmler C, Janssen H, Krausse D, Fischer RJ, Bahl H, Dürre P, Liebl W, Ehrenreich A (2011) Genome-wide gene expression analysis of the switch between acidogenesis and solventogenesis  in continuous cultures of Clostridium acetobutylicum. J. Mol. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 20:1-15.

Liebl W (2011) Synthetic biology: Perspectives. Nachr. Chemie 59(3):303-308.

Raberg M, Peplinski K, Heiss S, Ehrenreich A, Voigt B, Döring C, Bömeke M, Hecker M, Steinbüchel A (2011) Proteomic and transcriptomic elucidation of the mutant Ralstonia eutropha G+1 with regard to glucose utilization. Appl Environ Microbiol 77(6):2058-2070.

Yilmaz P, Kottmann R, Field D, Knight R, Cole JR, Amaral-Zettler L,  Gilbert JA, Karsch-Mizrachi I, Johnston A, Cochrane G, Vaughan R, Hunter C, Park J, Morrison N, Rocca-Serra P, Sterk P, Arumugam M, Bailey M, Baumgartner L, Birren BW, Blaser M, Bonazzi V, Booth T, Bork P, Bushman FD, Buttigieg PL, Chain PSG, Charlson E, Costello EK, Huot-Creasy H, Dawyndt P, DeSantis T, Fierer N, Fuhrman JA, Gallery RE, Gevers D, Gibbs RA, San Gi I, Gonzalez A, Gordon JI,  Guralnick R, Hankeln W, Highlander S, Hugenholtz P, Jansson J, Kau AL, Kelley ST, Kennedy J, Knights D, Koren O, Kuczynski J, Kyrpides N, Larsen R, Lauber CL,  Legg T, Ley RE, Lozupone CA, Ludwig W, Lyons D, Maguire E, Methé BA,  Meyer F , Muegge B, Nakielny S, Nelson KE, Nemergut D, Neufeld JD, Newbold LK,  Oliver AE, Pace NR, Palanisamy G, Peplies J, Petrosino J, Proctor L, Pruesse E,  Quast C, Raes J, Ratnasingham S, Ravel J, Relman DA, Assunta-Sansone S,  Schloss PD, Schriml L, Sinha R, Smith MI, Sodergren E, Spor A, Stombaugh J,  Tiedje JM, Ward DV, Weinstock GM, Wendel D, White O, Whiteley A, Wilke A,  Wortman JR, Yatsunenko T, Glöckner FO (2011)  Minimum information about a marker gene sequence (MIMARKS) and minimum information about any (x) sequence (MIxS) specifications. Nature Biotechnol 29:415-420.

Zimmermann J, Portillo MC, Serrano L, Ludwig W, Gonzales JM (2011) Acidobacteria in Freshwater Ponds at Doñana National Park, Spain. Microb Ecol DOI 10.1007/s00248-011-9988-3

Eder W, Wanner G, Ludwig W, Busse HJ, Ziemke-Kageler F, Lang E (2011) Description of Undibacterium oligocarboniphilum sp. nov., isolated from purified water, and Undibacterium pigrum strain CCUG 49012 as the type strain of Undibacterium parvum sp. nov., and emended descriptions of the genus Undibacterium and the species Undibacterium pigrum. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 61:384-391.

Schwarz WH, Gonzalez Bello OJ, de Jong W, Leahy JJ, Oakey J, Oyaas K, Sorum L, Steinmüller H (2011) Scientific Assessment in support of the Materials Roadmap enabling Low Carbon Energy Technologies. Bioenergy. In: JRC Scientific and Technical Reports. Strategic Energy Technology Plan, EUR 25154 EN-2011, European Commission.

Schwarz WH, Kostner D, Meisinger D, Panitz J (2011) EHEC – eine Bedrohung? Naturw Rundschau 64(7):360-363.

Berezina OV, Zakharova NV, Yarotsky SV, Zverlov VV (2011) Microbial producers of butanol. Appl Biochem Microbiol 48:625-638.

Westram R, Bader K, Prüsse E, Kumar Y, Meier H, Glöckner FO, Ludwig W (2011) ARB; a software environment for sequence data. In: (F.J. de Bruijn, ed.) Handbook of Molecular Microbial Ecology I:  Metagenomics and Complementary Approaches. Wiley-Blackwell.

Ludwig W, Euzeby J, Whitman WB (2011). Road map of the phyla Bacteroidetes, Spirochaetes, Tenericutes (Mollicutes), Acidobacteria, Fibrobacteres, Fusobacteria, Dictyoglomi, Gemmatimonadetes, Lentisphaerae, Verrucomicrobia, Chlamydiae, and Planctomycetes. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd Ed. Vol 4 (eds N.R. Krieg, J.T. Staley, D.R. Brown, B.P. Hedlund, B.J. Paster, N.L. Ward, W. Ludwig, W.B. Whitman), 1-20, Springer, New York

Ludwig W, Euzeby J, Whitman WB (2011). Taxonomic outline of the phyla Bacteroidetes, Spirochaetes, Tenericutes (Mollicutes), Acidobacteria, Fibrobacteres, Fusobacteria, Dictyoglomi, Gemmatimonadetes, Lentisphaerae, Verrucomicrobia, Chlamydiae, and Planctomycetes. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd Ed. Vol 4 (eds N.R. Krieg, J.T. Staley, D.R. Brown, B.P. Hedlund, B.J. Paster, N.L. Ward, W. Ludwig, W.B. Whitman), 21-24, Springer, New York

Baskar S, Baskar R, Tiwari V, Thorseth IH, Øvreas L, Lee NM and Routh J (2011) Cave geomicrobiology in India: Status and prospects. In: The Stromatolites: Interaction of microbes with sediments. Eds. Joseph Seckbach and Vinod Tewari. Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology, 2011, Volume 18, Part 5, 541-569, DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-0397-1_24, Springer Verlag. 

Lee NM, Meisinger DB, Schmid M, Rothballer, Löffler FE (2011) Fluorescence in situ hybridization in geomicrobiology. In: Encyclopedia in Geobiology. Eds H.J. Reitner and V. Thiel. Springer Verlag, pp 854-880. 

Angelov A, Liebl S, Ballschmiter M, Bömeke M, Lehmann R, Liesegang H, Daniel R, Liebl W (2010) Genome sequence of the polysaccharide-degrading, thermophilic anaerobe Spirochaeta thermophila DSM 6192. J Bacteriol. 192(24):6492-6493. 

Grimmler C, Held C, Liebl W, Ehrenreich A (2010) Transcriptional analysis of catabolite repression in Clostridium acetobutylicum growing on mixtures of D-glucose and D-xylose. J Biotechnol 150:315-323.

Köpke M, Held C, Hujer S, Liesegang H, Wiezer A, Wollherr A, Ehrenreich A, Liebl W, Gottschalk G, Dürre P (2010) Clostridium ljungdahlii represents a microbial production platform based on syngas. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 107(29):13087-13092.

Drzewiecki K, Angelov A, Ballschmiter M, Tiefenbach KJ, Sterner R, Liebl W. (2010) Hyperthermostable acetyl xylan esterase. Microb Biotechnol 3(1):84-92. 

Klee SR, Brzuszkiewicz EB, Nattermann H, Brüggemann H, Dupke S, Wollher A, Franz T, Pauli G, Appel B, Liebl W, Couacy-Hymann E, Boesch C, Meyer F-D, Leendertz FH, Ellerbrok H, Gottschalk G, Grunow R, Liesegang H (2010) Genome of a Bacillus isolate causing anthrax in chimpanzees combines chromosomal properties of B. cereus with B. anthracis virulence plasmids. PLoS One 5(7): e10986.

Voss J, Ehrenreich A, Liebl W (2010) Characterization and inactivation of the membrane-bound polyol dehydrogenase in Gluconobacter oxydans DSM 7145 reveals a role in meso-erythritol oxidation. Microbiology (SGM) 156:1890-1899.

Wagner-Döbler I, Ballhausen B, Baumgart M, Brinkhoff T, Buchholz I, Bunk B, Cypionka H, Daniel R, Drepper T, Gerdts G, Hahnke S, Han C, Jahn D, Kalhoefer D, Kiss H, Klenk H-P, Kyrpides N, Liebl W, Liesegang H, Meincke L, Pati A, Petersen J, Piekarski T, Pommerenke C, Pradella S, Pukall R, Rabus R, Stackebrandt E, Thole S, Thompson L, Tielen P, Tomasch J, von Jan M, Wanphrut N, Wichels A, Zech H, and Simon M (2010) The complete genome sequence of the algal symbiont Dinoroseobacter shibae – a hitchhiker`s guide to life in the sea. ISME Journal 4: 61-77.

Peplinski K, Ehrenreich A, Döring C, Bömeke M, Steinbüchel A (2010) Investigations on the microbial catabolism of the organic sulfur compounds TDP and DTDP in Ralstonia eutropha H16 employing DNA microarrays. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 88(5):1145-1159.

Janssen H, Döring C, Ehrenreich A, Voigt B, Hecker M, Bahl H, Fischer RJ (2010) A proteomic and transcriptional view of acidogenic and solventogenic steady-state cells of Clostridium acetobutylicum in a chemostat culture. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 87(6):220922-26.

Lindenkamp N, Peplinski K, Volodina E, Ehrenreich A, Steinbüchel A (2010) Impact of multiple beta-ketothiolase deletion mutations in Ralstonia eutropha H16 on the composition of 3-mercaptopropionic acid-containing copolymers. Appl Environ Microbiol 76(16):5373-5382.

Hoffmann K, Wollherr A, Larsen M, Rachinger M, Liesegang H, Ehrenreich A, Meinhardt F (2010) Facilitation of direct conditional knockout of essential genes in Bacillus licheniformis DSM13 by comparative genetic analysis and manipulation of genetic competence. Appl Environ Microbiol 76(15):5046-5057.

Thanh TN, Jürgen B, Bauch M, Liebeke M, Lalk M, Ehrenreich A, Evers S, Maurer KH, Antelmann H, Ernst F, Homuth G, Hecker M, Schweder T. (2010). Regulation of acetoin and 2,3-butanediol utilization in Bacillus licheniformis. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 87(6):2227-2235.

Peplinski K, Ehrenreich A, Döring C, Bömeke M, Reinecke F, Hutmacher C, Steinbüchel A. (2010). Genome-wide transcriptome analyses of the 'Knallgas' bacterium Ralstonia eutropha H16 with regard to polyhydroxyalkanoate metabolism. Microbiology 156(7):2136-2152.

Vannini C, Ferrantini F, Schleifer KH, Ludwig W, Verni F, Petroni G (2010) "Candidatus Anadelfobacter veles" and "Candidatus Cyrtobacter comes," Two New Rickettsiales Species Hosted by the Protist Ciliate Euplotes harpa (Ciliophora, Spirotrichea). Appl Environ Microbiol 76:4047-4054.

Yarza P, Ludwig W, Euzeby J, Amann R, Schleifer KH, Glöckner FO, Rossello-Mora R (2010) Update of the All-Species Living Tree Project based on 16S and 23S rRNA sequence analyses. Syst Appl Microbiol 33:291-299.

Tindall B, Rossello-Mora R, Busse HJ, Ludwig W, Kämpfer P (2010) Notes on the characterization of prokaryote strains for taxonomic purposes. Int J Syst Bacteriol Evol 60:249-266.

Inacio J, Ludwig W, Spencer-Martins I, Fonseca A (2010) Assessment of phylloplane yeasts on selected Mediterranean plants by FISH with group- and species-specific oligonucleotide probes. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 71:61-72.

Berezina OV, Zakharova NV, Brandt A, Yarotsky SV, Schwarz WH, Zverlov VV (2010) Reconstructing the clostridial n-butanol metabolic pathway in Lactobacillus brevis. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 87(2):635-646.

Zverlov VV, Hiegl W, Köck DE, Kellermann J, Köllmeier T, Schwarz WH (2010) Hydrolytic bacteria in mesophilic and thermophilic degradation of plant biomass. Eng Life Sci 10:528-536.

Puri M. Kaur A, Singh RS, Schwarz WH, Kaur A. (2010) One-step purification and immobilization of His-tagged rhamnosidase for naringin hydrolysis. Proc Biochem 45:451-456.

Kaur A, Singh S, Singh RS, Schwarz WH, Puri M (2010) Hydrolysis of citrus peel naringin by recombinant alpha-L-rhamnosidase from Clostridium stercorarium. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 85:1419-1422.

Dvortsov IA, Lunina NA, Zverlov VV, Velikodvorskaya GA (2010) Substrate Binding Properties of the Family 54 Module of Clostridium thermocellum Lic16A Laminarinase. Mol Biol (Mosk)  44:591-595.

Haneke J, Lee NM, Gaul TW, Van den Weghe HFA (2010) Characterization of microbial communities in exhaust air treatment systems of large-scale pig housing facilities. Water Sci Technol 62:1551–1559. 

Lee NM, Jönsson I, Braissant O, Schrallhammer M, Petroni G, Schmid M, Rettberg P, Horneck G (2010) The Microbiology of Tardigrades and its Potential role for Astrobiological Research. Orig Life Evol Biosph 40:499-607.  

Liebl W (2010) Metagenomics. In Reitner J, Thiel V (ed.) Enzyclopedia of Geobiology. Springer.

Ludwig W (2010) Molecular Phylogeny of Microorganisms: Is rRNA Still a Useful Marker? In: (A. Oren and R.T. Papke, eds.) Molecular Phylogeny of Microorganisms. Caister Academic Press. ISBN 978-1-904455-67-7, pp. 65-83.

Lee NM, Meisinger DB, Schmid M, Rothballer M, Ludwig W, Liebl W, Löffler FE (2010) Fluorescence in situ hybridization in geomicrobiology. Encyclopedia for Geobiology Editors. J. Reitner and V. Thiel. Springer Verlag, pp 854-880.

Angelov A, Mientus M, Liebl S, Liebl W (2009) A two-host fosmid system for functional screening of (meta)genomic libraries from extreme thermophiles. Syst Appl Microbiol 32(3):177-185. 

Liebl W (2009) Biotechnologische Nutzung der Vielfalt – Neue Wirtsorganismen für funktionelle (Meta)Genomanalyse. GENOMXPRESS 3.09: 13-16.

Antranikian G, Ruepp A, Gordon PMK, Ballschmiter M, Zibat A, Stark M, Sensen CW, Frishman D, Liebl W, and Klenk H-P (2009) Rapid access to genes of biotechnologically useful enzymes by partial genome sequencing: the thermoalkaliphile Anaerobranca gottschalkii. J. Mol. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 16:81-90.

Hillmann F, Döring C, Riebe O, Ehrenreich A, Fischer RJ, Bahl H (2009). The role of PerR in O2-affected gene expression of Clostridium acetobutylicum. J Bacteriol 191(19):6082-93.

Pathak GP, Ehrenreich A, Losi A, Streit WR, Gärtner W (2009). Novel blue light-sensitive proteins from a metagenomic approach. Environ Microbiol 11(9):2388-99.

Deppenmeier U, Ehrenreich A (2009). Physiology of acetic acid bacteria in light of the genome sequence of Gluconobacter oxydans. J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol 16(1-2):69-80.

Voigt B, Antelmann H, Albrecht D, Ehrenreich A, Maurer KH, Evers S, Gottschalk G, van Dijl JM, Schweder T, Hecker M (2009). Cell physiology and protein secretion of Bacillus licheniformis compared to Bacillus subtilis. J Mol Microbiol Biotechnol 16(1-2):53-68.

Ehrenreich A (2009) The Genome of Acetic Acid Bacteria. In: Biology of Microorganisms on Grapes. In: Must and in Wine. König, H et al. eds. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp 383-398.

Shedova K, Albrecht C, Zverlov VV, Schwarz WH (2009). Stimulation of bacterial DNA transformation by cattle saliva - implications for using genetically modified plants in animal feed. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 25:457-463.

Shedova EN, Berezina OV, Lunina NA, Zverlov VV, Schwarz WH, Velikodvorskaya GA (2009). Cloning and Characterisation of a Large Metagenomic DNA Fragment Containing Glycosyl-Hydrolase Genes. Molecular Genetics, Microbiology and Virology 24:76–81.

Shedova EN, Lunina NA, Berezina OV, Zverlov VV, Schwarz V, Velikodvorskaya GA (2009). Expression of the genes CelA and XylA isolated from a fragment of metagenomic DNA in Escherichia coli. Mol Gen Mikrobiol Virusol 2009;(2):28-32.

Dvortsov IA, Lunina NA, Chekanovskaya LA, Schwarz WH, Zverlov VV (2009) Carbohydrate-binding properties of a separately folding protein module from beta-1,3-glucanase Lic16A of Clostridium thermocellum. Microbiology 155:2442-2449.

Berezina OV, Brandt A, Yarotsky S, Schwarz WH, Zverlov VV (2009) Isolation of a new butanol producing Clostridium strain: high level of hemicellulosic activity and structure of solventogenesis genes of a new Clostridium saccharobutylicum isolate. Syst Appl Microbiol 32(7):449-459.

George IF, Liles MR, Hartmann M, Ludwig W, Goodman RM, Agathos SN (2009) Changes in soil Acidobacteria communities after 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene contamination. FEMS Microbiol Lett 296:159-166.

Schwarz WH (2009) Biokraftstoffe und Genomik. Naturw Rundschau 728:79-80.

Zverlov VV, Hiegl W, Köck DE, Kellermann J, Schwarz WH (2009) Prevalence and role of hydrolytic bacteria in mesophilic and thermophilic biogas reactors. Schriftenreihe der Bayerischen Landesanstalt für Landwirtschaft, „Internationale Wissenschaftstagung Biogas Science 2009“ Bd. 2, 16/2009, pp. 617-626. ISSN1611-4159

Köllmeier T, Zverlov VV, Schwarz WH (2009) Selection and analysis of microbial cultures for efficient biomass conversion to methane. Schriftenreihe der Bayerischen Landesanstalt für Landwirtschaft, „Internationale Wissenschaftstagung Biogas Science 2009“  Bd. 3, 17/2009, pp. 617-626. ISSN1611-4159

Eschbach E, Pfannkuchen M, Schweikert M, Drutschmann D, Brümmer F, Fokin S, Ludwig W, Görtz HD (2009)  Candidatus "Paraholospora nucleivisitans", an intracellular bacterium in Paramecium sexaurelia shuttles between the cytoplasm and the nucleus of its host. Syst Appl Microbiol 32:490-500.

Engel SA, Meisinger DB, Porter ML, Schmid M, Stern LA, Schleifer KH, Lee NM (2009) Nutrient Spiraling Establishes Phylogenetic and Functional Diversity in Microbial Mats from Lower Kane Cave , Wyoming ( USA ). ISME Journal 4, 98–110.  

Engel AS, Meisinger DB, Porter ML, Schmid M, Lee NM (2009) Caves as model systems for the evolution of a complex biosphere in a chemolithoautotrophic subsurface. Orig Life Evol Biosph 39:54-56. 

Baskar S, Baskar R, Lee NM, Theophilus PK (2009) Speleothems from Mawsmai and Krem Phyllut caves, Meghalaya , India . Some evidences of biogenic activities. Environmental Geology 57(5):1169-1186. 

Balcazar JL, Lee NM, Suzuki MT, Pintado J, Planas M (2009) Phylogenetic characterization and in situ detection of bacterial communities associated with seahorses (Hippocampus guttulatus) in captivity. Syst Appl Microbiol 33(2):71-7. 

Pavlekovic M, Schmid MC, Schmider-Poignee N, Spring C, Pilhofer M, Gaul T, Fiandaca M, Loeffler FE, Jetten M,  Schleifer KH, Lee NM (2009) Optimization of three FISH procedures for in situ detection of anaerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria in biological wastewater treatment. J  Microbiol Meth 78:119-126.  

Pilhofer M, Pavlekovic M, Lee N, Ludwig W, Schleifer KH (2009) Concomitant identification of diazotrophic bacteria and detection of nifH mRNA by using fluorescence in situ hybridization. Syst Appl Microbiol 32:186-192. 

Weber SD, Hofmann A, Pilhofer M, Wanner G, Agerer R, Ludwig W, Schleifer KH, Fried J (2009) The diversity of fungi in aerobic sewage granules assessed by 18S rRNA gene and ITS sequence analyses. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 68:246-254.

Ludwig W, Schleifer KH, Whitman WB (2009) Taxonomic outline of the phylum Firmicutes. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd Ed. Vol 3 (eds. P. de Vos, GM. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W. Ludwig, F. Rainey, K.H.Schleifer, W.B. Whitman), 15-17, Springer, New York, 2009

Ludwig W, Schleifer KH, Whitman WB (2009) Revised road map to the phylum Firmicutes. In: (Whitman, W.B. ed.) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd edition. Vol. 3. New York: Springer.  p. 1-13.

Ludwig W, Schleifer KH, Whitman WB (2009) Order II Lactobacillales ord. nov. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd Ed. Vol 3 (eds P. de Vos, GM. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W. Ludwig, F. Rainey, K.H.Schleifer, W.B. Whitman), 464, Springer, New York, 2009

Ludwig W, Schleifer KH, Whitman WB (2009) Class Bacilli class. nov. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. 2nd Ed. Vol 3 (eds P. de Vos, GM. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W. Ludwig, F. Rainey, K.H.Schleifer, W.B. Whitman), 19-20, Springer, New York, 2009

Baskar S, Baskar R, Tewari VC, Thoseth IH, Ovreas L, Pedersen RB, Lee NM, Routh J (2009) Cave geomicrobiology in India: status and prospects. In: The Stromatolites: Interaction of microbes with sediments. Eds. Joseph Seckbach and Vinod Tewari. Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology, 2011, Volume 18, Part 5, 541-569, DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-0397-1_24, Springer Publication. 

Patents

Klopprogge C, Zelder O, and Liebl W (2006) Process for the production of amino acids without trehalose. European Patent, 03795933.5-1212-EP0314580.

Klopprogge C, Zelder O, Kroeger B, Schroeder H, Haefner S, Liebl W, Schröder H, Kröger B, Hafner S, Hofner S (2004) Producing amino acid, e.g. L-lysine, and L-glutamate comprises culturing microorganism of genus Corynebacterium or Brevibacterium (partially) deficient in gene locus or loci. Patent Number(s): WO2004057009-A1 ; DE10261579-A1 ; AU2003298216-A1 ; EP1578979-A1 ; BR200317507-A ; US2006063239-A1 ; JP2006511216-W ; CN1732268-A ; EP1918384-A1 ; US2008166774-A1 ; JP2008200046-A ; CN101255452-A

Pompejus M, Klopprogge C, Zelder O, and Liebl W (2003) New plasmid unable to replicate in a target organism, useful for marker-free mutation of e.g. Corynebacterium for improved fermentative production of fine chemicals / Verfahren zur Herstellung eines Marker-freien mutierten Zielorganismus sowie dafür geeignete Plasmidvektoren, Patentanmeldung, Nr. 02794516.1-2405-EP0208231. Patent Number(s): WO2003014362-A2 ; DE10137815-A1 ; EP1417317-A2 ; KR2004020080-A ; US2004171160-A1 ; AU2002355460-A1 ; JP2004538003-W ; WO2003014362-A3

Sinskey AJ, Follettie MT, Liebl W, and Peoples OP (1997) Glutamicum Threonine Biosynthetic Pathway. United States Patent; Date of Patent: Jun. 24, 1997; Patent Number: 5,641,660.

Liebl W, Sinskey AJ (1990) Coryneform expression and secretion system. Patent Number(s): WO8809821-A1 ; WO8809821-A ; US4965197-A

Sinskey AJ, Follettie MT, Liebl W, Peoples O, Peoples OP (1988) Threonine production using recombinant vector. Patent Number(s): WO8809819-A2 ; WO8809819-A ; US5641660-A